How Solar Panels Work

solar panel roofing

Residential solar panels are becoming more common than ever. With every year, they cost less and produce more energy. There has never been a better time to invest in a solar system, and many homeowners are rushing to put a new system on their roof. Interestingly enough, many people are willing to put thousands of dollars into solar before they know how their panels actually work.


At Blue Raven Solar, not only do we want our customers to know that their panels will produce electricity, save money, and help the environment, but we also want every customer to have a basic understanding of how their solar panels work.

solar panel roofing

How do Solar Panels Produce Energy?


To put it simply, solar panels produce energy by absorbing light from the sun, which generates direct current electricity.


This process is called the photovoltaic (PV) effect. To better illustrate how the PV effect turns light from the sun into electricity, let’s break it down into three steps:

  1. Sunlight and Solar Panels – When photons from sunlight hit the negative-charged top layer of solar panels, electrons get knocked loose. Those free electrons are drawn into an electric field between the negative top layer and the positive-charged semiconducting silicon of a photovoltaic cell, creating a flow of Direct Current (DC) electricity.
  2. Power Inverters – Since AC power is the standard for household appliances, the DC current from solar panels needs to get converted before getting added to a home’s power supply. So, a power inverter gets wired in to make that conversion and create a gateway between a solar array and a home’s main electrical panel.
  3. Electrical Panels – To add solar energy converted to AC current to a home’s power supply, the main electrical panel gets some new wiring and circuit breakers. With the new solar power supply wired in, the electrical panel distributes the power to the other circuits throughout the home.
solar powered house illustration

With a basic understanding of how solar panels generate energy, you can better determine if solar is the right decision for your home.

Types of Solar Panels


There are many different types of solar panels and choosing the right ones can make a big difference on how efficiently your solar energy is run throughout your home. Solar panels differ in appearance, technology, efficiency, cost, and warranty. It is important to investigate which solar panels will work best on your roof.

The three main types of solar panels are monocrystalline, polycrystalline, and thin film. There are advantages to each type.


Monocrystalline solar panels are made from crystalline silicon. They are the most expensive because they are the most space efficient. They can do more in a smaller space.


Polycrystalline work in the same way that monocrystalline panels do, except they are bigger and less expensive.


Thin film panels use a different technology than crystalline silicon panels. The technology for this type of panels is still developing because they are newer. Currently they are the least energy efficient solar panel, but they are expected to improve in coming years.

The Blue Raven Solar Advantage


As you can see, solar panels can work on almost any roof. One of the biggest advantages of getting solar panels from Blue Raven Solar is working with a highly experienced company that will help you navigate the complicated world of solar energy. We take pride in being one of the top solar panel companies in the nation. We use the latest technology and are constantly updating our systems.


Blue Raven Solar is proud to use mono-crystalline, Tier-1 solar panels in all residential installations. We use modern black-on-black solar panels, which are higher quality and blend in with your roof. Every installation results in a premium look, and your solar panel system is customized for your home, budget, and lifestyle. Installations come with a 25-year warranty on solar equipment, a 10-year workmanship warranty, and a roof penetration warranty. We also offer a two-year production guarantee.


Our goal is to help increase the value of the property when we install solar panels. We only use the latest technology and the highest quality panels to ensure a modern look. Still not sure?


Read what our customers are saying about our services.

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